Potty training will go best when the crate training method is used. This means that you will use a crate (small wire
crate, or plastic pet taxi) to confine your puppy whenever you are not able to watch him for short periods of time.
The puppy will need to be taken out to go potty every 45 min. to an hour. Take the puppy through the same door
to the same spot in the yard each time. If you wish to litter, paper or potty pad train you puppy, take him to his
litter, paper or potty pad every hour. Puppies will by instinct wish to keep their eating and sleeping area (their
den) clean and will hold their potty as long as they can. By using the crate, the puppy's instinct will be working for
you, and he will be going potty when and where you want him to.
If you are going to be playing and interacting with your puppy, he would be free to be out of his crate as long as
you like. He will start to circle and sniff and look for a place to potty when he has to go and when you are
watching him, you can quickly take him to his potty spot. By watching closely, you will soon learn your puppy's
individual body language. Minimize your pup's chances of making a mistake by predicting when he will need to
relieve himself. The critical times to watch are : as soon as he awakens, as soon as he finishes a meal, first thing in
the morning, after a play session, and of course, as soon as you take him out of his crate. Do NOT let your
puppy run lose when your eyes are not on him....even for a couple minutes. Each time your puppy has an
accident, he is being trained to potty in that spot. Each time the puppy goes in the right spot, he is being trained
to relieve himself there. Consistent training will bring consistent results.
During the times you will be gone longer than the puppy can hold it, I recommend placing your puppy in an
exercise pen. Put the puppy's pet taxi/crate inside the exercise pen with the door open, or off. Cover the floor
inside the exercise pen with newspapers and leave water and food available for your puppy. He will get
accustomed to going potty on the newspaper when you are gone (he has no other choice as the whole area will be
covered), and will become paper trained during the times you are not at home. After a couple weeks, gradually
reduce the amount of the pen that is covered with newspaper. The puppy will be used to going potty on the
paper, and will continue to potty on the newspaper, even when you reduce the amount of the pen that is covered
to only one or two sheets of paper. When you are home, continue with the routine of crating your puppy, and
taking him out to potty every hour.